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Meaning of "major histocompatibility complex" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

PRONUNCIATION OF MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX

major histocompatibility complex play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Major histocompatibility complex is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Major histocompatibility complex

The major histocompatibility complex is a set of cell surface molecules encoded by a large gene family in all vertebrates. MHC molecules mediate interactions of leukocytes, also called white blood cells, which are immune cells, with other leukocytes or body cells. MHC determines compatibility of donors for organ transplant as well as one's susceptibility to an autoimmune disease via crossreacting immunization. In humans, MHC is also called human leukocyte antigen. Protein molecules—either of the host's own phenotype or of other biologic entities—are continually synthesized and degraded in a cell. Occurring on the cell surface, each MHC molecule displays a molecular fraction, called epitope, of a protein. The presented antigen can be either self or nonself. On the cell membrane, the MHC population in its entirety is like a meter indicating the balance of proteins within the cell. The MHC gene family is divided into three subgroups: class I, class II and class III.

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX

major
major arcana
major axis
major general
major key
major league
Major Mitchell
major orders
major planet
major premise
Major Prophets
Major Rogation
major seventh
major seventh chord
major suit
major term
major-domo
major-generalcy
major-generalship
majorat

WORDS THAT END LIKE MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX

AIDS-related complex
apartment complex
B complex
cinema complex
complex
duplex
Golgi complex
guilt complex
herpes simplex
hypercomplex
immune complex
inferiority complex
leisure complex
military-industrial complex
Oedipus complex
persecution complex
shopping complex
simplex
studio complex
superiority complex
vitamin B complex

Synonyms and antonyms of major histocompatibility complex in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «major histocompatibility complex» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX

Find out the translation of major histocompatibility complex to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of major histocompatibility complex from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «major histocompatibility complex» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

主要组织相容性复合
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

complejo mayor de histocompatibilidad
570 millions of speakers

English

major histocompatibility complex
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

प्रमुख उतक अनुरूपता जटिल
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

معقد التوافق النسيجي الرئيسي
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

главного комплекса гистосовместимости
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

complexo principal de histocompatibilidade
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

প্রধান হিগসোকম্যাটবিলিটি কমপ্লেক্স
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

complexe majeur d´histocompatibilité
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Kompleks histokompatibiliti utama
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Haupthistokompatibilitätskomplex
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

主要組織適合遺伝子複合体
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

주요 조직 적합성 복합체
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Komplek histokompatibilitas utama
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

phức tạp tương thích mô chính
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

முக்கிய ஹிஸ்டோகாம்பிலிட்டி சிக்கலானது
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

मोठे हिस्टोकोमपॅटीबीटीबी कॉम्प्लेक्स
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

Majör histokompatibilite kompleksi
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

complesso maggiore di istocompatibilità
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

głównego układu zgodności tkankowej
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

головного комплексу гістосумісності
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

complex major de histocompatibilitate
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

μείζον σύμπλεγμα ιστοσυμβατότητας
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

groot histoverenigbaarheidskompleks
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

större histokompatibilitetskomplex
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

store histocompatibility komplekse
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of major histocompatibility complex

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX»

The term «major histocompatibility complex» is regularly used and occupies the 88.094 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Regularly used
59
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «major histocompatibility complex» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of major histocompatibility complex
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «major histocompatibility complex».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «major histocompatibility complex» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «major histocompatibility complex» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about major histocompatibility complex

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX»

Discover the use of major histocompatibility complex in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to major histocompatibility complex and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
The Major Histocompatibility Complex Region of Domestic ...
This book represents the current state of knowledge on the Mhc of agriculturally important animals and explores the latest advances in technology.
Lawrence B. Schook, Susan J. Lamont, 1996
2
Regulation of Classical and Non-classical Major ...
Tumor cells can evade CTL lysis by down-regulating the surface level of classical MHC class I molecules. We hypothesize that this is due in part to deficiencies in TAP and tapasin.
Alan Belicha-Villanueva, 2008
3
Cell Biology of the major histocompatibility complex
The Biological Significance Of the Antigens Of the Major Histocompatibility Complex BARU] BENACERRAF AND KENNETH L. ROCK Department of Pathology Harvard Medical School Boston, Massachusetts INTRODUCTION Peter Gorer and ...
Benvenuto Pernis, 1985
4
Textbook of Small Animal Surgery
The histocompatibility antigens that incite the most vigorous rejection response are encoded by genes of the major histocompatibility complex. The major histocompatibility complex is found in all vertebrates. This cluster of genes on a single ...
Douglas H. Slatter, 2003
5
Post-translational Modification of the Major ...
In chapter II of this dissertation we have demonstrated that the zinc finger protein ZXDC is sumoylated in vivo.
Srikarthika Jambunathan, 2006
6
Molecular and Cell Biology For Dummies
Well, it turns out that a group of membrane proteins called the Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) marks your cells as your cells. If a person receives a transplant of someone else's cells as part of an organ and the MHC proteins don't ...
Rene Fester Kratz, 2009
7
Primer to the Immune Response: Academic Cell Update Edition
... to a unitary epitope on a pathogen or foreign macromolecule, the TCR binds to a bipartite epitope (pMHC) composed of an antigenderived peptide bound to an MHC protein encoded by a gene in the major histocompatibility complex (MHC).
Tak W. Mak, Mary E. Saunders, 2011
8
The HLA Complex in Biology and Medicine: A Resource Book
A comprehensive guide to the HLA (Human Leukocyte Antigen) system for immunologists and clinicians, this book contains up-to-date information on the MHC (Major Histocompatibility Complex) and its role in the immune response and in various ...
Narinder K. Mehra, Gurvinder Kaur, James McCluskey, 2010
9
Epigenetic Regulation of the Major Histocompatibility ...
The results demonstrate that CIITA gene silencing occurs by controlling chromatin accessibility through a host of epigenetic mechanisms that include the loss of histone acetylation and transcription factor binding, as well as DNA ...
Myesha Rukeya Green, 2006
10
Medical Immunology, Sixth Edition
MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX General Concepts The genetic system that determines the outcome of a transplant is complex and highly polymorphic. It encodes for antigens of variable immunogenic strength. The major antigens ...
Gabriel Virella, 2007

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term major histocompatibility complex is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Thymoproteasome bias : Nature Immunology : Nature Publishing …
... which leads to a major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I–associated peptide repertoire with enrichment for low-affinity TCR ligands. «Nature.com, Jul 15»
2
Macrogen Joins PacBio's Certified Service Provider Program …
... and bacterial genomes, metagenome characterization, and complex regions of the human genome like the major histocompatibility complex. «GenomeWeb, Jul 15»
3
Marsupials and monotremes possess a novel family of MHC class I …
Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I genes are found in the genomes of all jawed vertebrates. The evolution of this gene family is ... «7thSpace Interactive, Jul 15»
4
Notre Dame Accelerates Cancer Research with GPUs
Ayres focuses his research on molecular dynamics studies of T-Cell receptors (TCRs) and major histocompatibility complex proteins bound to ... «insideHPC, Jul 15»
5
Genetic variance components and heritability of multiallelic …
Among the few known loci showing indications for a heterozygote advantage is the major histocompatibility complex (or human leukocyte ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
6
Similar but not the same: insights into the evolutionary history of …
... such as in two well-studied cases: the major histocompatibility complex of vertebrates (Takahata, 1990) and the self-incompatibility S-locus of ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
7
The oncofusion protein FUS–ERG targets key hematopoietic …
GO, gene ontology; MHC, major histocompatibility complex. Full figure and legend (247 K ). To assess whether the fusion of ERG to FUS would ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
8
Beyond scents: what your nose knows
This special bunch of proteins found in most vertebrates, named unattractively as the major histocompatibility complex or MHC, is largely responsible for an ... «Rappler, Jul 15»
9
Researcher from Kolhapur to get grant of 36 lakh to study cancer
Joshi presented the project to study the major histocompatibility complex class I chain-related protein A (MICA/A), which is crucial in cancer ... «Times of India, Jun 15»
10
Butt Identification, and Other Awkward Biometrics
Your signature scent is partly the product of a group of genes related to your immune system, called the major histocompatibility complex ... «Gizmodo, Jun 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Major histocompatibility complex [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/major-histocompatibility-complex>. Nov 2022 ».
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